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Cameron History

Cameron’s business legacies predate the beginnings of the world’s modern petroleum industry. The story begins in American’s pioneer days, more than 177 years ago, when in 1833 the Cooper brothers, Charles and Elias, opened a small, one-horse powered foundry in Mount Vernon, Ohio. From the birth of the industrial revolution, a tradition of leadership was forged. Today, the trust of our customers place in Cameron people, products, systems and services reflects that continued leadership.

From these beginnings, Cameron today incorporates the traditions and strengths of many outstanding companies, including true pioneers in the industry, such as Cameron Iron Works dating from 1920, and others that rose to leading market positions in more recent times. Together, these legacies form the basis our broad suite of proven product brand names surrounding our common entity trade name, CAMERON. The company is forged of tradition and refined by experience.


1800s  

1833 : Charles and Elias Cooper foundry established in Mt. Vernon, Ohio.
1869 : Cooper licensed to produce the Corliss steam engine.
1877 : Ajax Engine Company founded.
1892 : Superior Engine and Compressor Company founded.
1899 : Bessemer Gas Engine Company founded in Grove City, Pennsylvania.

1900s

1900 : Cooper enters production of natural gas internal combustion engines.
1905 : McEvoy founded to manufacture valves and wellhead equipment.
1919 : W-K-M valves company established in Houston.
1920 : Pennsylvania Process founded to manufacture compressors.
Cameron Iron Works incorporated in Houston.
1929 : Cooper merged with Bessemer.
1934 : Thornhill-Craver established to manufacture chokes and couplings.
1939 : Willis formed to manufacture oilfield chokes.
1947 : Demco Valve Company founded.
1951 : Cameron Iron Works of Canada established in Edmonton.
1954 : Cameron purchased the British Oil Field Equipment Company of London and Leeds.
1955 : Joy Manufacturing Company founded in Buffalo, New York.
1958 : En-Tronic Controls Group established within Cooper.
1963 : Ajax and Pennsylvania Process acquired by Cooper.
1965 : Cooper Industries began major diversification program leading to major operations in electrical, automotive and tools and hardware industries.
1967 : Cooper Industries headquarters moved to Houston.
1978 : Cooper Rolls joint venture between Cooper Industries and Rolls-Royce established to market gas turbines.
1987 : Joy Industrial Compressor Group became Cooper Turbocompressor, now part of Cooper Compression.
W-K-M and Demco acquired by Cooper Flow Control Division.
McEvoy and Willis acquired by Cameron Iron Works.
1988 : Enterprise Engine aftermarket services business acquired by Cooper.
1989 : Cameron Iron Works acquired by Cooper Industries and renamed Cooper Oil Tool.
1994 : Cooper Industries announced intention to spin off its Petroleum and Industrial Equipment Group to focus on its Electrical Products, Automotive Products and Tools & Hardware businesses 1995.
1995 : Cooper Cameron Corporation spun off as publicly traded company with separate management group; Wheeling Machine Products Company's oilfield couplings business sold.
Cameron and Cooper Cameron Valves divisions formed from Cooper Oil Tool.
1996 : Ingram Cactus Corporation and Tundra Valve & Wellhead Corporation acquired and combined into Cameron division; certain assets of Enox Technologies, Inc. acquired and combined into Cooper Energy Services division.
1997 : Wellhead Services, Inc. and Marta Co. acquired and combined into Cameron division; Daniel Ball Valve acquired and combined into Cooper Cameron Valves division.
1998 : Orbit Valve International acquired and combined with Cooper Cameron Valves division; Ajax Repair & Supply, General Turbine Systems and PDQ Machine acquired and combined into Cooper Energy Services division; Brisco Engineering acquired and combined into Cameron division.
1999 : Rotating compressor business sold to Rolls-Royce.

2000s

2000 : Valve Sales Company acquired and combined in Cooper Cameron Valves division; CAMCHEC acquired and combined into Cameron division.
2001 : Nickles Industrial Manufacturing merges with Cooper Energy Services division; Cooper Energy Services division purchases Elliot Turbocharger Group, Inc; Retsco acquired and combined into Cameron division.
2002 : Nutron Industries acquired and combined into Cooper Cameron Valves division; J&W and OPI Engineering acquired and combined into Cameron division.
2003 : Cooper Energy Services (CES) and Cooper Turbocompressor (CTC) combined into a single operating division, Cooper Compression. DPS Engineering acquired and combined into Cameron and Petreco divisions.
2004 : Petreco International acquired and operated as a separate division; Unicel acquired and combined into Petreco; PCC Flow Technologies acquired from Precision Castparts Corp., and combined into Cooper Cameron Valves and Cameron divisions; Mystique Ventures acquired and combined into Cooper Cameron Valves division.
2005 : Dresser On/Off businesses, NuFlo Technologies and St. Clair Valves acquired and combined into Cooper Cameron Valves division; EDGE product line acquired from CBI Howe-Baker and combined into Petreco; Ed's Wellhead acquired and combined into Cameron division.
2006 : Caldon acquired and combined into Cooper Cameron Valves division, NuFlo business.
Cooper Cameron Corporation officially changes name to Cameron International Corporation ("Cameron") (NYSE: CAM).
Caldon (ultrasonic measurement) acquired and consolidated into Cooper Cameron Valves division.
Cooper Cameron Corporation name changed to Cameron International Corporation (“Cameron”) (NYSE: CAM).
Reorganizes into three business groups, Drilling & Production Systems (DPS), Valves & Measurement (V&M), and Compression Systems (CS), each with multiple business divisions aligned with upstream to downstream flow equipment market segments.
2007 : DES Operations Limited (subsea production enhancement) acquired and combined into Drilling & Production Systems group.
Prime Measurement Products (measurement devices) acquired and combined into Valves & Measurement group.
Paradigm Services (actuator repair/manufacturing) acquired and combined into Valves & Measurement group.
Hydromation Deep Bed Filter product line (filter solutions) acquired and added as the HYDROMATION product brand from Drilling & Production Systems group.
2008 : Safety Shutdown Systems (SSS) product line acquired and added as the SSS product brand from Drilling & Production Systems group.
SBS Oilfield Equipment GmbH (artificial lift equipment) acquired and added as the SBS product life from Drilling & Production Systems group.
Jiskoot Holdings Limited (oil sampling and blending) acquired and added as the JISKOOT product line from Valves & Measurement group.
Dyna-Torque, Inc (gear operators) acquired and added as the DYNATORQUE product line from Drilling & Production Systems group.
Guiberson Well Service Systems (rubber and elastomer products) acquired and added as the GUIBERSON product line from Drilling & Production Systems group.
KB Industries (surface blowout preventers) acquired and combined with Cameron’s H & H Rubber Products business to result in the H & H CUSTOM, H & H MELCO and TOWNSEND product lines from Drilling & Production Systems group.
Paramount Pumps & Supplies, Inc (rod lift pumping systems) acquired and combined with Cameron’s Artificial Lift business as the PRECISION product line of lift pumps from Drilling & Production Systems group.
2009 : Geographe Energy Pty., Ltd (valve management services) acquired and offered as a business from the Valves & Management group.
MaxTorque (engineered gear operators) acquired and added as the MAXTORQUE product line from Drilling & Production Systems
NATCO Group, Inc (oil, gas & water separation and treatment) acquired and combined with Cameron’s Petreco Process Systems division to create Cameron’s Process Systems division within Drilling & Production Systems group as well as operating units moved into Valves & Measurement group. This transaction included the following product lines TEST, CONSEPT, CYNARA, MOZLEY, NATCO, PORTA-TEST, LINCO and PAAI.
2010 : Creation of a joint venture operation between Cameron’s Valves & Measurement group and Newmans Valve (downstream valve manufacturing).
Eagle Precision Products LLC (fracturing flow back services) acquired and rolled into Drilling & Production Systems group’s shale gas initiative.